What Is The Difference Between Congenital Heart Disease And Congenital Heart Defect?

What is the most common cause of congenital heart disease?

Genetic conditions Down’s syndrome is the most widely-known genetic condition that can cause congenital heart disease.

Children with Down’s syndrome are born with a range of disabilities as the result of a genetic abnormality..

Can you live a normal life with congenital heart disease?

As medical care and treatment have improved, babies and children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) are living longer and healthier lives. Most are now living into adulthood. Ongoing, appropriate medical care can help children and adults with a CHD live as healthy as possible.

Is congenital heart disease curable?

There is no cure for CHD. Many people have surgeries to repair their heart, however, they are not cured. There may be long-term effects of heart surgery, such as abnormal heartbeats. A cardiologist can often detect problems with your heart before you notice any symptoms.

How many types of congenital heart disease are there?

Congenital heart defects are structural problems arising from abnormal formation of the heart or major blood vessels. At least 18 distinct types of congenital heart defects are recognized, with many additional anatomic variations.

What is the life expectancy for a child with congenital heart defect?

Survival. About 97% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to one year of age. About 95% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to 18 years of age.

Do congenital heart defects run in families?

Congenital heart defects sometimes run in families and may be associated with a genetic syndrome. Many children with Down syndrome — which is caused by an extra 21st chromosome (trisomy 21) — have heart defects.

How do you fix congenital heart disease?

TreatmentProcedures using catheterization. Some children and adults now have their congenital heart defects repaired using catheterization techniques, which allow the repair to be done without surgically opening the chest and heart. … Open-heart surgery. … Heart transplant. … Medications.

Can a baby survive heart defects?

For infants with critical congenital heart defects (CCHDs), survival up to one year of life has improved over time. However, the chance of these infants dying is still high.

What does it mean to have a congenital heart disease?

Congenital heart disease is a general term for a range of birth defects that affect the normal way the heart works. The term “congenital” means the condition is present from birth. Congenital heart disease is one of the most common types of birth defect, affecting up to 8 in every 1,000 babies born in the UK.

What is the most serious congenital heart defect?

Critical congenital heart defects (also called critical CHDs or critical congenital heart disease) are the most serious congenital heart defects. Babies with critical CHDs need surgery or other treatment within the first year of life.

What are the two types of congenital heart disease?

Congenital heart disease refers to a range of possible heart defects.Aortic valve stenosis. Aortic valve stenosis is a serious type of congenital heart defect. … Coarctation of the aorta. … Ebstein’s anomaly. … Patent ductus arteriosus. … Pulmonary valve stenosis. … Septal defects. … Single ventricle defects. … Tetralogy of Fallot.More items…

What is the most common congenital heart defect in adults?

If one excludes a bicuspid aortic valve and does not consider mitral valve prolapse a congenital lesion, atrial septal defect (ASD) is the most common cause of adult congenital heart disease.

How do you detect congenital heart disease?

Tests to diagnose or rule out congenital heart disease include:Electrocardiogram (ECG). This painless test records the electrical signals in your heart. … Chest X-ray. … Pulse oximetry. … Echocardiogram. … Transesophageal echocardiogram. … Cardiac CT scan and MRI . … Cardiac catheterization.

Is congenital heart defect a disability?

If your child has a congenital heart defect, he or she may be eligible for Social Security disability benefits. The Social Security Administration (SSA) offers monthly financial aid for people of all ages who have serious conditions or illnesses.

Is congenital heart defect a heart disease?

This kind of heart ailment is a defect or abnormality, not a disease. A congenital heart defect (CHD) results when the heart, or blood vessels near the heart, don’t develop normally before birth.