What Are The Top 3 Non Communicable Diseases?

Why is obesity a disease?

Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat.

Obesity isn’t just a cosmetic concern.

It is a medical problem that increases your risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers..

What is communicable diseases and non communicable diseases?

Non-communicable diseases are the diseases that are not transferred from an infected person to another via any means and are mostly caused by factors like improper lifestyle and eating habits. Also called. Communicable diseases are also known as infectious diseases.

How do non communicable diseases affect the world?

Noncommunicable diseases, or NCDs, are by far the leading cause of death in the world, representing 63% of all annual deaths. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) kill more than 36 million people each year. Some 80% of all NCD deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Four main NCDs and their common risk factors. The four leading NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes) share four risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.

What are 3 things you can do to reduce your risk of non communicable diseases?

Reducing the major risk factors for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) – tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and the harmful use of alcohol – is the focus of WHO’s work to prevent deaths from NCDs.

What are the 4 non communicable diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.

What are the symptoms of non communicable diseases?

A chronic disease caused by pain, inflammation, swelling, and stiffness of joints.Most serious of the most common forms.Joints become deformed and often no longer function normally.Joints affected: hands, feet, elbows, shoulders, neck, knees, hips, and ankles.It is usually symmetrical in the body: both hands will hurt.More items…

What percentage of diseases are lifestyle related?

Among U.S. adults, more than 90 percent of type 2 diabetes, 80 percent of CAD, 70 percent of stroke, and 70 percent of colon cancer are potentially preventable by a combination of nonsmoking, avoidance of overweight, moderate physical activity, healthy diet, and moderate alcohol consumption (Willett 2002).

What are 3 examples of non infectious diseases?

Examples of Noninfectious DiseasesCystic Fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis is an example of a genetic noninfectious disease. … Cancer. Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. … Cardiovascular Disease. … Type 2 Diabetes.

Is asthma a non communicable disease?

Key facts. Asthma is one of the major noncommunicable diseases. It is a chronic disease of the air passages of the lungs which inflames and narrows them.

What are the causes of non communicable disease?

Referred to as a “lifestyle” disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…•

What is a noncommunicable disease?

Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, are not passed from person to person. They are of long duration and generally slow progression.

How do you prevent NCDs?

Preventing and controlling noncommunicable diseasesRaise priority accorded to NCDs through international cooperation and advocacy.Strengthen national capacity, governance, multisectoral action, and partnerships.Reduce the major modifiable risk factors, such as tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diets, and physical inactivity.More items…

What is the most common non contagious disease in the world?

Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.0 million), respiratory diseases (3.9million), and diabetes (1.6 million). These 4 groups of diseases account for over 80% of all premature NCD deaths.

Which is the most common disease in the world?

According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population.

What are the lifestyle diseases?

Lifestyle diseases, which are affecting us commonly are Obesity, type II Diabetes, Heart disease, Stroke, Depression and Metabolic syndrome, Also High Blood Pressure, Heart attack, Alzheimer’s disease, Arthritis, Atherosclerosis, Asthma, Cancer, Chronic Liver Disease, Chronic Renal Failure, Osteoporosis and Vascular …

Is hypertension a non communicable disease?

Hypertension: The most important non communicable disease risk factor in India.

What are some examples of non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide.